Why is water mist so effective in fighting fires? When extinguishing a fire, water mist produces a higher rate of heat extraction and at the same time uses less water.
Water mist has a central advantage over the conventional water jet, in that the mist can penetrate everywhere and thus cool and extinguish very efficiently. This is how it works: the turbine atomizes water into a fine mist. When compared to conventional monitors (nozzle technology), firefighting turbines produce droplets of smaller size, which are then distributed by propellers. The advantage of such smaller droplets is that they create a larger water surface and can, therefore, form a larger surface area to transport heat. The fine mist also has a lower sedimentation speed and can envelop the burning object. It can often even reach into hidden sources of fire that cannot be reached with traditional hoses.
The water mist allows more heat to be extracted from the source of the fire and the cooling effect has a very positive direct impact on the ambient temperature. Water mist also quickly binds and precipitates smoke and particles of soot.
The use of the turbine also allows the distance over which the water mist is distributed to be increased many times over, even at low water pressure. The firefighting turbine also operates with water, foam or a mixture of water and foam.